National Health Service History
|ALAIN C. ENTHOVEN|
(from the Stanford web site)
Professor Alain Enthoven has published widely in the fields of the economics, organization, management and public policy of health care in the U.S.A. and U.K. In his research, he studies the causes of unsustainable growth in national health expenditures and the costs of health insurance, and possible strategies for moderating this growth while improving quality of care. His recent work is focused on the failings of employment-based health insurance and on proposals for market-based universal health insurance in the U.S.A.
Professor Enthoven holds degrees in Economics from Stanford, Oxford,
and MIT. He began his teaching career in 1955 while an Instructor in
Economics at MIT. In 1956, he moved to the RAND Corporation in Santa
Monica and participated in continuing studies on U.S. and NATO defense
strategies. In 1960, he moved to the Department of Defense, where he
held several positions leading to appointment, by President Johnson, to
the position of Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Analysis in
1965. His work there is described in the book How Much is Enough?
coauthored with K. Wayne Smith and published by the RAND Corporation. In
1963, he received the President's Award for Distinguished Federal
Civilian Service from John F.Kennedy. In 1969, he became vice president
for Economic Planning for Litton Industries, and in 1971 he became
president of Litton Medical Products. In 1972, he was elected to the
Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences and served on
its governing Council. He joined the Stanford Faculty in 1973, and began
teaching Business Policy and, later, Microeconomics. In 1977, while
serving as a consultant to the administration of President Carter, he
designed and proposed Consumer Choice Health Plan, a plan for universal
health insurance based on managed competition in the private sector.
Since 1980, his teaching has been focused on health care.